Other non-generalized preferential arrangements, such as.B non-reciprocal preferential agreements involving developing and industrialized countries, require Members to request a waiver of WTO rules. These waivers require the consent of three-quarters of WTO members. Examples of such agreements currently in force include the U.S. Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA), the CARIBCAN agreement, under which Canada grants duty-free, non-reciprocal access to most Caribbean countries, Turkey`s preferential treatment for Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EC-ACP Partnership Agreement. Without prejudice to WTO rules, the Turkey-EU Customs Union provides an important legal basis for Turkish free trade agreements (FTA). As part of the Customs Union, Turkey aligns its trade policy with the EU`s common commercial policy. This alignment concerns both autonomous regimes and preferential agreements with third countries. Economists have tried to assess the extent to which free trade agreements can be considered public goods. They first address a key element of free trade agreements, namely the system of integrated tribunals that act as arbitrators in international trade disputes. These serve as a clarifying force for existing laws and international economic policies, as reaffirmed in trade agreements.  In general, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would redirect trade from more efficient suppliers outside the territory to less efficient suppliers within the territories.
The creation of businesses, on the other hand, implies that a free trade agreement creates trade that might not have existed otherwise. In any case, the creation of businesses will increase the national well-being of a country.  The Market Access Card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITU) to facilitate market access issues for businesses, governments and researchers. The database, which is visible via the market access card online tool, contains information on tariff and non-tariff barriers in all active trade agreements, not limited to those officially notified to the WTO. It also documents data on non-preferential trade agreements (e.B. Generalised System of Preferences). By 2019, the Market Access Map has provided downloadable links to textual agreements and their rules of origin.  The new version of the Market Access Card, to be published this year, will provide direct web links to relevant contract pages and connect to other CIR tools, in particular the Rules of Origin Facilitator.